Active vs. Passive Fire Protection Systems—All You Need to Know
Building fires or house fires are fairly common incidents. This is why all buildings need to be equipped with an efficient fire protection system in case of an emergency, as well as a fire exit.
There are two types of fire protection systems, active fire protection system, and passive fire protection. In this blog, we’ll be explaining both of these systems and their significance.
Active Fire Protection System
An Active Fire Protection System, or AFP system, ensures that something is, or can be done as soon as a fire or smoke is detected. AFP systems can be automatic and manual.
AFP Systems are designed to tackle the fire immediately, which is why multiple types of equipment are used in this system. Some of the equipment included in AFP systems are:
These alarms can sense smoke, heat, or fire, and alert people in a building of a possible fire. Fire alarms can alert people by either a sound or bright light. They are also called smoke detectors.
Sprinklers have smoke detectors fitted in them, and as soon as it detects smoke, fire, or even excessive heat, it starts sprinkling water automatically to combat the fire.
Fire extinguishers are cylinders that carry carbon dioxide gas to put out fires. Fire extinguishers are manual devices that have to be operated by humans themselves. Firefighters use fire extinguishers to put out fires.
AFP system requirements depend on the design and size of the building it is fitted in. Bigger buildings need more extinguishers and sprinklers. Similarly, if the building contains rooms with things that are flammable, then extra sprinklers are required in that specific area to ensure the fire doesn’t break out and get out of control.
Passive Fire Protection System
Passive Fire Protection System, or PFP systems, are fitted into the building when they are being constructed. AFP systems can’t stop the fire from spreading, and fire and smoke can reach areas where the AFB systems are unable to reach, which puts the whole building at the risk of burning down. PFP systems curb the spread of fire. These systems include fire-resistant flooring and wallboards, fire-resistant glass and doors, fire-resistant curtains and sheets. All these things play a vital role in stopping a fire spread from the origin.
Both active fire protection and passive fire protection are highly important and work best together. AFP puts out the fire, while PFP contains it and stops it from spreading.
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