The Difference Between Active And Passive Fire Protection

Any good building design needs to take fire protection into account. This involves incorporating both active and passive measures to fire-proof a building, and making it safe for occupants.



Active fire protection and passive fire protection are both critical to a building’s safety. Let’s take a closer look at what these measures entail.


Active Fire Protection


Active Fire Protection refers to those components of fire protection that, well, require some sort of immediate action for them to be effective. The action in question may be automatic or manual, and should help suppress or contain an existing fire situation.


This form of fire protection includes the tools and equipment used for putting out fires. For instance, manual equipment such as fire extinguishers or automatic fire alarm systems and sprinklers are both examples of active fire protection. Fire detection systems such as mechanical smoke extraction systems and smoke detectors are also included in this.

Passive Fire Protection


On the other hand, passive fire protection refers to a set of components that are used (often during the construction stage) to compartmentalize a building and fire-proof it. This is in contrast with the components used for active fire protection that require immediate action. Unlike the latter, passive fire protection is incorporated in the structural built and design of a building to make it resistant to fire.



For instance, passive fire protection includes dampers that help prevent fire or smoke from spreading via the building’s ducts or other passageways. It also includes fire-resistant boards, ceilings, and walls that could withstand fire. The process involves compartmentalizing the building to keep fire accidents and damages to a minimum. This means that the structural elements used need to exhibit fire-resistant characteristics, and also need to be tested under for potentially threatening situations.


The MagMatrix Advantage


At MagMatrix Science & Technology (Group) Co., we offer top-quality structural subfloor boards. Our MgO boards are fire resistant and can withstand the highest fire temperatures. They have high fire resistance ratings, provide structural adequacy and integrity, and offer maximum insulation during a fire.


Using our fire-resistant panels for your construction project is a great way to enhance your building’s passive fire protection. The ratings for our MgO fire resistant boards are at the same level as those for some of the biggest names in the industry such as Promat Supalux, Fermacell, and Promat Masterboard.


Fill this form or call 86-335-3327878 to place an order.

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